Fake subscription invoices lead to corporate data theft and extortion


A threat actor dubbed Luna Moth has been leveraging social engineering and legitimate software to steal sensitive data and extort money from small and medium-size businesses.

The group is eschewing the use of ransomware and instead relies on targeted employees calling a phone number manned by the attackers and convincing them to install a remote access tool.

“Callback phishing, also referred to as telephone-oriented attack delivery (TOAD), is a social engineering attack that requires a threat actor to interact with the target to accomplish their objectives. This attack style is more resource intensive, but less complex than script-based attacks, and it tends to have a much higher success rate,” Palo Alto Networks‘ Unit 42 researchers noted.